Kiến Thức Linux

How to Install OpenEMR on Rocky Linux 9

How to Install OpenEMR on Rocky Linux 9

OpenEMR is an open-source electronic health record and medical practice management tool. It is Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) certified and features integrated health records, practice management, scheduling, electronic billing, internationalization, free support, and more. It can track patient demographics, schedule patients, maintain extremely detailed health records with lab reports, medications, and procedures, track their prescriptions, help with medical billing, generate detailed reports, and multi-language support.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to install OpenEMR software on a server running Rocky Linux 9.


  • A server running Rocky Linux 9.

  • A non-root sudo user.

  • A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) like

  • Make sure everything is updated.

    $ sudo dnf update
  • Few packages that your system needs.

    $ sudo dnf install wget curl nano unzip yum-utils policycoreutils-python-utils -y

    Some of these packages may already be installed on your system.

Step 1 – Configure Firewall

The first step is to configure the firewall. Rocky Linux uses Firewalld Firewall. Check the firewall’s status.

$ sudo firewall-cmd --state

The firewall works with different zones, and the public zone is the default one that we will use. List all the services and ports active on the firewall.

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --list-services

It should show the following output.

cockpit dhcpv6-client ssh

OpenEMR needs HTTP and HTTPS ports to function. Open them.

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http
$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https

Reload the firewall to apply the changes.

$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

List all the services again.

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --list-services

You should get the following output.

cockpit dhcpv6-client http https ssh

Step 2 – Install Nginx

Rocky Linux 9 ships with an older version of Nginx. You need to download the official Nginx repository to install the latest version.

Create and open the /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo file for creating the official Nginx repository.

$ sudo nano /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

Paste the following code in it.

name=nginx stable repo

name=nginx mainline repo

Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X and entering Y when prompted.

Install the Nginx server.

$ sudo dnf install -y nginx

Verify the installation.

$ nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.24.0

Enable and start the Nginx server.

$ sudo systemctl enable nginx --now

Check the status of the server.

$ sudo systemctl status nginx
? nginx.service - nginx - high performance web server
     Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; preset: disabled)
     Active: active (running) since Thu 2023-06-15 10:20:00 UTC; 1s ago
    Process: 1411 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Main PID: 1412 (nginx)
      Tasks: 2 (limit: 5922)
     Memory: 1.9M
        CPU: 7ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
             ??1412 "nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
             ??1413 "nginx: worker process"

Step 3 – Install MySQL

Rocky Linux 9 ships with the latest version of MySQL. You can install it with a single command.

$ sudo dnf install mysql-server

Check the version of MySQL.

$ mysql --version
mysql  Ver 8.0.32 for Linux on x86_64 (Source distribution)

Enable and start the MySQL service.

$ sudo systemctl enable mysqld --now

Run the MySQL secure install script.

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

You will be asked to install the Validate Password Component. It checks the strength of passwords used in MySQL. Press Y to install it. Next, you will be asked to set the level of the password validation policy. Choose 2 as it is the strongest one.

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Connecting to MySQL using a blank password.

VALIDATE PASSWORD COMPONENT can be used to test passwords
and improve security. It checks the strength of password
and allows the users to set only those passwords which are
secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD component?

Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: Y

There are three levels of password validation policy:

LOW    Length >= 8
MEDIUM Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, and special characters
STRONG Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, special characters and dictionary                  file

Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 2

Next, you will be asked to set a new root password. Enter the password according to the requirements specified above. Enter Y when prompted to continue with the chosen root password.

Please set the password for root here.

New password: 

Re-enter new password: 

Estimated strength of the password: 100 
Do you wish to continue with the password provided?(Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y

Next, enter Y to remove anonymous users, disallow remote root logins, remove the test database, and reload the privilege tables.

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user,
allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have
a user account created for them. This is intended only for
testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother.
You should remove them before moving into a production

Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from
'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at
the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that
anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing,
and should be removed before moving into a production

Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y
 - Dropping test database...

 - Removing privileges on test database...

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes
made so far will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y

All done!

Step 4 – Configure MySQL

Log in to the MySQL shell. Enter your root password when prompted.

$ sudo mysql -u root -p

Create a sample database.

mysql> CREATE DATABASE openemr;

Create an SQL user account.

mysql> CREATE USER 'openemruser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Your_password2';

Grant all privileges on the database to the user.

mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON openemr.* TO 'openemruser'@'localhost';

Flush user privileges.


Exit the shell.

mysql> exit

Step 5 – Install PHP and its extensions

We need to install PHP 8.2 for OpenEMR to work. The first step is to grab the Epel repository.

$ sudo dnf install epel-release -y

Next, install the Remi repository.

$ sudo dnf install

Check for available PHP streams.

$ dnf module list php -y
Name                                   Stream                   Profiles                                        Summary                  
php                                    8.1                      common [d], devel, minimal                      PHP scripting language   

Remi's Modular repository for Enterprise Linux 9 - x86_64
Name                                   Stream                   Profiles                                        Summary                 
php                                    remi-7.4                 common [d], devel, minimal                      PHP scripting language   
php                                    remi-8.0                 common [d], devel, minimal                      PHP scripting language   
php                                    remi-8.1                 common [d], devel, minimal                      PHP scripting language   
php                                    remi-8.2                 common [d], devel, minimal                      PHP scripting language   

Hint: [d]efault, [e]nabled, [x]disabled, [i]nstalled

The default version is 8.1. Enable Remi’s PHP 8.2 repository.

$ sudo dnf module reset php -y
$ sudo dnf module enable php:remi-8.2

Install PHP and the required extensions required by OpenEMR.

$ sudo dnf install php-fpm php-mysql php-bcmath php-xml php-zip php-curl php-mbstring php-gd php-tidy php-intl php-cli php-soap ImageMagick php-ldap

Install the TIFF Tools library. This library is not available from the base repository but is found in the CRB (formerly Powertools) repo.

$ sudo dnf install libtiff-tools --enablerepo=crb

Verify the installation.

$ php --version
PHP 8.2.7 (cli) (built: Jun  6 2023 21:28:56) (NTS gcc x86_64)
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.2.7, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies

Enable and start the PHP-FPM service.

$ sudo systemctl enable php-fpm --now

Step 6 – Install SSL

We need to install Certbot to generate the SSL certificate. We will use the Snapd package installer for that. Since Rocky Linux doesn’t ship with it, install the Snapd installer. It requires the EPEL repository to work which we installed before for PHP so we can skip the step.

Install Snapd.

$ sudo dnf install -y snapd

Enable and Start the Snap service.

$ sudo systemctl enable snapd --now

Install the Snap core package, and ensure that your version of Snapd is up to date.

$ sudo snap install core && sudo snap refresh core

Create necessary links for Snapd to work.

$ sudo ln -s /var/lib/snapd/snap /snap
$ echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/var/lib/snapd/snap/bin' | sudo tee -a /etc/profile.d/

Issue the following command to install Certbot.

$ sudo snap install --classic certbot

Use the following command to ensure that the Certbot command can be run by creating a symbolic link to the /usr/bin directory.

$ sudo ln -s /snap/bin/certbot /usr/bin/certbot

Verify the installation.

$ certbot --version
certbot 2.6.0

Run the following command to generate an SSL Certificate.

$ sudo certbot certonly --nginx --agree-tos --no-eff-email --staple-ocsp --preferred-challenges http -m [email protected] -d

The above command will download a certificate to the /etc/letsencrypt/live/ directory on your server.

Generate a Diffie-Hellman group certificate.

$ sudo openssl dhparam -dsaparam -out /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem 4096

Check the Certbot renewal scheduler service.

$ sudo systemctl list-timers

You will find snap.certbot.renew.service as one of the services scheduled to run.

NEXT                        LEFT          LAST                        PASSED       UNIT                      ACTIVATES
Thu 2023-06-15 12:29:25 UTC 54min left    Thu 2023-06-15 11:18:44 UTC 16min ago    dnf-makecache.timer       dnf-makecache.service
Thu 2023-06-15 12:51:00 UTC 1h 15min left -                           -            snap.certbot.renew.timer  snap.certbot.renew.service

Do a dry run of the process to check whether the SSL renewal is working fine.

$ sudo certbot renew --dry-run

If you see no errors, you are all set. Your certificate will renew automatically.

Step 7 – Download OpenEMR

Visit the OpenEMR download page and grab the link for the latest version of OpenEMR. Download OpenEMR to the server.

$ wget

Extract the files.

$ tar -pxzf openemr-7.0.1.tar.gz

Move the extracted files to the web root directory.

$ sudo mv openemr-7.0.1 /var/www/html/openemr

Give permissions to the Nginx user over the web root directory.

$ sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/html/openemr

Step 8 – Configure SELinux

Change the file security context for OpenEMR.

$ sudo semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t "/var/www/html/openemr(/.*)?"

Apply the policy.

$ sudo restorecon -Rv /var/www/html/openemr/

Apply the policy to allow Nginx to give access to MySQL.

$ sudo setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect_db 1

Apply the policy to allow connections to be made to outside hosts. This is needed for sending emails.

$ sudo setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1

Step 8 – Configure PHP-FPM

Open the file /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.

$ sudo nano /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

We need to set the Unix user/group of PHP processes to nginx. Find the user=www-data and group=www-data lines in the file and change them to nginx.

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;       will be used.
; RPM: apache user chosen to provide access to the same directories as httpd
user = nginx
; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir.
group = nginx

Find the ;listen.owner = nobody, ; = nobody, and ;listen.mode=0660 lines in the file and change them as shown below.

; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many
; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions. The owner
; and group can be specified either by name or by their numeric IDs.
; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
;                 mode is set to 0660
listen.owner = nginx = nginx
listen.mode = 0660

Next, comment out the following line as shown by putting a semi-colon in front of it.

;listen.acl_users = apache,nginx

Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X and entering Y when prompted.

Increase the execution time for PHP-FPM and PHP-CLI to 60 seconds.

$ sudo sed -i 's/max_execution_time = 30/max_execution_time = 60/' /etc/php.ini

Set the value of the variable max_input_time to 1.

$ sudo sed -i 's/max_input_time = 60/max_input_time = -1/' /etc/php.ini

Increase the memory limit for PHP-FPM from 128MB to 512MB.

$ sudo sed -i 's/memory_limit = 128M/memory_limit = 512M/' /etc/php.ini

Increase the file upload size to 30MB.

$ sudo sed -i 's/post_max_size = 8M/post_max_size = 30M/' /etc/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i 's/upload_max_filesize = 2M/upload_max_filesize = 30M/' /etc/php.ini

Increase the number of maximum input variables to 3000.

$ sudo sed -i 's/;max_input_vars = 1000/max_input_vars = 3000/g' /etc/php.ini

Allow accessing, from PHP’s perspective, local files with LOAD DATA statements.

$ sudo sed -i 's/;mysqli.allow_local_infile = On/mysqli.allow_local_infile = On/g' /etc/php.ini

Restart the PHP-FPM service.

$ sudo systemctl restart php-fpm

Change the group of the PHP sessions directory to Nginx.

$ sudo chgrp -R nginx /var/lib/php/session

Step 9 – Configure Nginx

Create and open the file /etc/nginx/conf.d/openemr.conf for editing.

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/openemr.conf

Paste the following code in it.

server {
    listen       443 ssl http2;
    listen       [::]:443 ssl http2;

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/openemr.access.log;
    error_log   /var/log/nginx/openemr.error.log;

    # SSL
    ssl_certificate         /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_certificate_key     /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_session_timeout  1d;
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
    ssl_session_tickets off;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    ssl_ecdh_curve X25519:prime256v1:secp384r1:secp521r1;
    ssl_stapling on;
    ssl_stapling_verify on;
    ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem;
    # use Cloudfare+Apnic labs, It is free and secure
    resolver [2606:4700:4700::1111] [2606:4700:4700::1001] valid=300s;

    root /var/www/html/openemr;

    index index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php;

    # Pass PHP Scripts To FastCGI Server
    location ~* .php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock; # Depends On The PHP Version
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME  $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $realpath_root;
        include fastcgi_params;

    # deny access to writable files/directories
    location ~* ^/sites/*/(documents|edi|era) {
        deny all;
        return 404;

    # deny access to certain directories
    location ~* ^/(contrib|tests) {
	    deny all;
        return 404;

    # Alternatively all access to these files can be denied
    location ~* ^/(admin|setup|acl_setup|acl_upgrade|sl_convert|sql_upgrade|gacl/setup|ippf_upgrade|sql_patch).php {
        deny all;
        return 404;

    location = /favicon.ico {
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;

    location = /robots.txt  {
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;

    location ~ /. {
        deny all;

# enforce HTTPS
server {
    listen       80;
    listen       [::]:80;
    return 301   https://$host$request_uri;

Notice the root directory to be used in the Nginx configuration is /var/www/html/openemr.

Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X and entering Y when prompted once finished.

Open the file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf for editing.

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Add the following line before the line include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;.

server_names_hash_bucket_size  64;

Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X and entering Y when prompted.

Verify the Nginx configuration file syntax.

$ sudo nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Restart the Nginx service.

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

Step 10 – Install OpenEMR

Open the URL in your browser and you will see the following setup screen.

OpenEMR Installation Check

Here it checks for file permissions and confirms whether you can proceed to step 1 or not. If you see the word ready in green, it means you can proceed. Click the blue button to proceed to step 1.

OpenEMR Database Setup Wizard

On the next page, you will be asked if you want the installer to create the database or use a pre-made one. Select the option I have already created the database and click the button to proceed to step 2.

OpenEMR Database and Account Details

On the next page, fill in the database credentials you configured in step 4 before. Also, enter your administrator account credentials. Make sure your username is 12 or more characters long otherwise, you will get an error. You can enable two-factor authentication (2FA) here but it is recommended to configure it later after installation. Click the button to create the database and the user account.

OpenEMR Create Database and User

The next page will show the installation status and will show you the username and password. Click the button to proceed to step 4.

OpenEMR Configure PHP

The next page will list the recommended and current values from your php.ini file. Make sure the current values satisfy the requirement. The installer shows the wrong values for the variable max_execution_time variable for some reason even if you have set it correctly. You can ignore that. You can verify the current values by using the following commands.

OpenEMR PHP Value Verification

Once you are satisfied, click the button to proceed to step 5.

OpenEMR Apache settings

The next step lists Apache server settings which we will ignore since we are using the Nginx server. Click the button to proceed to the next page.

OpenEMR Select Theme

Here you will be asked to select a theme for the administration panel. Select the Keep Current option and click the button to proceed. You can change the theme from the administration panel later on however you won’t be able to see how they look. If you choose from the installer page, you can also check how they look before selecting. We will stick with the default theme.

OpenEMR Install Final Step

The last page lists some final notes about the software and account credentials. Click the Start button to open the login page.

OpenEMR Login Page

You will get an OpenEMR registration popup to get announcements from their site. You can ignore and enter your credentials and click the Login button to access the dashboard.

OpenEMR Dashboard

If you didn’t configure two-factor authentication during installation, do so by clicking the avatar icon at the top right and selecting the MFA Management option.

OpenEMR 2FA Menu

On the next page, select the Authentication method from the dropdown menu and start configuring.

OpenEMR 2FA Type Page

You can start using OpenEMR to manage your health business from here on.


This concludes our tutorial on installing OpenEMR on a Rocky Linux 9 server. If you have any questions, post them in the comments below.

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